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- return to the Research Consortium on Religious Healthcare Institutions


  1. Hebert LE, Wingo E, Hasselbacher L, Schueler K, Freedman LR, Stulberg DB. Reproductive Healthcare Denials among a Privately Insured Population. September 2021. Preventative Medicine. [Epub ahead of print].
  2. Kramer RD, Higgins JA, Burns ME, Stulberg DB, Freedman LR. Expectations about Availability of Contraception and Abortion at a Hypothetical Catholic Hospital: Rural-Urban Disparities among Wisconsin Women. May 2021. Contraception, S0010-7824(21)00175-X. [Epub ahead of print].
  3. Kramer RD, Higgins JA, Burns ME, Freedman LR, Stulberg DB. Prevalence and Experiences of Wisconsin Women Turned Away from Catholic Settings Without Receiving Reproductive Care. May 2021. Contraception, S0010-7824(21)00154-2. [Epub ahead of print].
  4. Schueler KE, Hebert LE, Wingo EE, Freedman LR, Stulberg DB. Denial of Tubal Ligation in Religious Hospitals: Consumer Attitudes When Insurance Limits Hospital Choice. February 2021. Contraception. [Epub ahead of print].
  5. Guiahi M, Wilson C, Claymore E, Simonson K, Steinauer. Influence of a values clarification workshop on residents training at Catholic Hospital programs. January 2021. Contraception: X, 3: 100054.
  6. Guiahi M, Sheeder J, Stulberg DB. Patient perceptions of healthcare differences within Catholic facilities. January 2021. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 224(1): 110-111.

  7. Wascher JM, Stulberg DB, Freedman LR. Restrictions on reproductive care at Catholic hospitals: a qualitative study of patient experiences and perspectives. September 2020. AJOB Empirical Bioethics, 11(4): 257-267.
  8. Hasselbacher LA, Hebert LE, Liu Y, Stulberg DB. "My hands are tied": abortion restrictions and providers’ experiences in religious and nonreligious health care systems. June 2020. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 52(2): 107-115.
  9. Guiahi M. Religious refusals to long-acting reversible contraceptives in Catholic settings: a call for evidence. April 2020. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 222(4): S869.e1-S869.e5.
  10. Guiahi M, Epstein AS. Conflicts between Religious Institutional Directives and State Laws for Medical Aid in Dying. April 2020. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 23(4): 448.
  11. Guiahi M. Readability of Catholic institutional health care directives on reproductive care. April 2020. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 222(4): 382.
  12. Guiahi M, Teal S, Kenton K, DeCesare, Steinauer. Family planning training at Catholic and other religious hospitals: a national survey. March 2020. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 222(3): 273.e1-273.e9.
  13. Marchin A, Seale R, Sheeder J, Teal S, Guiahi M. Integration of Catholic Values and Professional Obligations in the Provision of Family Planning Services: A Qualitative Study. March 2020. JAMA Network Open, 3(10): e2020297.
  14. Schueler KE, Stulberg DB. How Should We Judge Whether and When Mission Statements Are Ethically Deployed? March 2020. AMA Journal of Ethics, 22(3): 239-247.
  15. Hebert LE, Freedman L, Stulberg DB. Choosing a hospital for obstetric, gynecologic, or reproductive healthcare: what matters most to patients? February 2020. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology MFM, 2(1):100067.
  16. Drake C, Jarlenski M, Zhang Y, Polsky D. Market Share of US Catholic Hospitals and Associated Geographic Network Access to Reproductive Health Services. January 2020. JAMA Network Open, 3(1):e1920053.
  17. Admon LK, Villavicencio J. Catholic Hospitals, Patient Autonomy, and Sexual and Reproductive Health Care in the United States. January 2020. JAMA Network Open,​ 3(1):e1920131​.
  18. Guiahi M, Helbin PE, Teal SB, Stulberg D, Sheeder, J. Patient views on religious institutional health care. December 2019. JAMA Network Open, 2(12):e1917008.
  19. Liu Y, Hebert LE, Hasselbacher LA, Stulberg DB. “Am I Going to Be in Trouble for What I'm Doing?”: Providing Contraceptive Care in Religious Health Care Systems. December 2019. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 51(4):193-199.
  20. Smith Jr JF. Should Catholic Academic Health Centers Sponsor Residency Training in Obstetrics and Gynecology? December 2019. Journal of Graduate Medical Education 11(6): 629-631.
  21. Guiahi M. Readability of Catholic institutional health care directives on reproductive care. November 2019. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, [ePub ahead of print].
  22. National Women’s Law Center. The Hobby Lobby “Minefield” in the Trump era: Continued harm, misuse, and unwarranted expansion. October 2019.
  23. Guiahi M, Teal S, Kenton K, DeCesare J, Steinauer J. Family planning training at Catholic and other religious hospitals: a national survey. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. September 2019. [ePub ahead of print].​
  24. Stulberg DB, Guiahi M, Hebert LE, Freedman LR. Women's Expectation of Receiving Reproductive Health Care at Catholic and Non‐Catholic Hospitals. September 2019. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, [ePub ahead of print].
  25. Freedman LR. Denial of Care at Catholic Hospitals. September 2019.
  26. Gieseker R, Garcia-Ricketts S, Hasselbacher L, Stulberg D. The Role of Religiously-affiliated Hospitals in Reproductive Health Care for Women with Public Insurance in Cook County, Illinois. Research Brief July 2019.
  27. Gieseker R, Garcia-Ricketts S, Hasselbacher L, Stulberg D. Family planning service provision in Illinois religious hospitals: Racial/ethnic variation in access to non-religious hospitals for publically insured women. June 2019. Contraception [epub ahead of print]
  28. Takahashi J, Cher A, Sheeder J, Teal S, Guiahi M. Disclosure of Religious Identity and Health Care Practices on Catholic Hospital Websites. March 2019. JAMA 321(11):1103-1104.
  29. Thorne NB, Soderborg TK, Glover JJ, Hoffecker L, Guiahi M. Reproductive Health Care in Catholic Facilities: a Scoping Review. December 2018. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 133(1):105-115.
  30. Plemons E. Not Here: Catholic Hospital Systems and the Restriction Against Transgender Healthcare. December 2018. CrossCurrents, 68(4): 533-549.
  31. Schwandt HM, Sparkle B, Post-Kinney M. Ambiguities in Washington State hospital policies, irrespective of Catholic affiliation, regarding abortion and contraception service provision. October 2018. Reproductive Health, 15(1):178.
  32. Wascher, JM., Hebert LE, Freedman LR, Stulberg DB. Do women know whether their hospital is Catholic? Results from a National Survey. May 2018. Contraception, 98(6):498-503.
  33. Freedman L, Charo RA. When Conscience Calls for Treatment: The Challenge of Reproductive Care in Religious Hospitals. April 30, 2018. NAM Perspectives. Commentary, National Academy of Medicine, Washington, DC.
  34. Guiahi M. Catholic Health Care and Women’s HealthObstetrics & Gynecology. March 2018. 131(3): 534-537.
  35. Freedman LR, Hebert LE, Battistelli M, Stulberg DB. Religious hospital policies on reproductive care: What do patients want to know? February 2018. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 218:251.e1-251.e9
  36. Chervenak FA, McCullough LB. Professional responsibility of transparency of obstetricians practicing in religious hospitals. February 2018. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 218(2):159-160.
  37. Bearing Faith: The Limits of Catholic Health Care for Women of Color. January 2018. New York, NY: Public Rights/Private Conscience Project and Public Health Solutions, Columbia Law School. (Data showing that women of color more exposed to Catholic OB/GYN family planning restrictions because they deliver in Catholic hospitals more.)
  38. Sepper, E. Zombie Religious InstitutionsNorthwestern University Law Review. 2018. Vol. 112. Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-03-06.
  39. Guiahi M, Teal S, Swartz M, Huynh S, Schiller G, Sheeder J. What Are Women Told When Requesting Family Planning Services at Clinics Associated with Catholic Hospitals? A Mystery Caller Study. October 2017. Perspect Sex Repro H, 49:207-212.
  40. Hill EL, Slusky D, Ginther D. Medically Necessary but Forbidden: Reproductive Health Care in Catholic-owned Hospitals. September 2017. National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. 23768. (Data shows that services decline with expansion of Catholic health care.)
  41. Eisenberg DL, Leslie VC. Threats to reproductive health care: time for obstetrician-gynecologists to get involved. March 2017. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 216(3):256.e1-256.e4.
  42. Lynch HF, Cohen IG, Sepper E. Law, religion, and health in the United States. New York (NY): Cambridge University Press; 2017.
  43. Guiahi M, Hoover J, Swartz M, Teal S. Impact of Catholic Hospital Affiliation During Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency on the Provision of Family Planning. August 2017. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 9:4, 440-446.
  44. Stulberg DB, Jackson RA, Freedman LR. Referrals for Services Prohibited In Catholic Health Care Facilities. July 2016. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, DOI: 10.1363/48e10216.
  45. Somashekhar S, Zauzmer J. Report: 1 in 6 hospital beds in U.S. is in a Catholic institution, restricting reproductive careThe Washington Post, May 5, 2016.
  46. Uttley L, Khaikin C, Hasbrouck P. Growth of Catholic hospitals and health systems: 2016 update of the Miscarriage of Medicine Report. New York, NY: MergerWatch, 2016.
  47. Stulberg DB, Hoffman Y, Dahlquist IH, Freedman LR. Tubal ligation in Catholic hospitals: a qualitative study of ob-gyns’ experiences. October 2014. Contraception, 90(4):422-8.
  48. Guiahi M, Sheeder J, Teal S. Are women aware of religious restrictions on reproductive health at Catholic hospitals? A survey of women’s expectations and preferences for family planning care. October 2014. Contraception, 90(4):429-434.
  49. Kutney-Lee A, Melendez-Torres GJ, McHugh MD, Wall BM. Distinct enough? A national examination of Catholic hospital affiliation and patient perceptions of care. April – June 2014. Health Care Management Review, 39(2):134-44
  50. Freedman LR, Stulberg DB. Conflicts in Care for Obstetric Complications in Catholic Hospitals. August 2013. American Journal of Bioethics Primary Research, 4:4,1-10.
  51. Guiahi M, Westhoff CL, Summers S, Kenton J. Training at a Faith-Based Institution Matters for Obstetrics and Gynecology Residents: Results From a Regional Survey. June 2013. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 5(2):244-251.
  52. Stulberg DB, Dude AM, Dahlquist I, Curlin FA. Obstetrician-gynecologists, Religious Institutions, and Conflicts Regarding Patient-Care Policies. July 2012. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 207(1):73.e1-73.e5.
  53. Foster AM, Dennis A. Smith, F. Do religious restrictions influence ectopic pregnancy management? A national qualitative study. March – April 2011. Women's Health Issues, 21(2):104-9.
  54. Freedman LR, Landy U, Steinauer JE. When There's a Heartbeat: Miscarriage Management in Catholic-Owned Hospitals. October 2008. American Journal of Public Health, 98(10):1774–1778.

Media articles:

  1. Rani SR. Worried about abortion laws? Catholic hospital mergers also seen as threat to women’s health care. USA Today. December 27, 2019.
  2. Carroll L. Patients don’t care about provider religious ties, expect all needed care. Reuters. December 27, 2019.
  3. Schorr P & Rani RS. Catholics run one-third of Wisconsin hospitals, putting many reproductive procedures off-limits. Wisconsin Watch. December 18, 2019.
  4. Schorr P & Rani RS. When Catholic hospitals merge, reproductive services can change. Wisconsin Watch. December 18, 2019.
  5. Schorr P & Rani RS. Catholic hospitals often only choice for women of color in Milwaukee. Wisconsin Watch. December 18, 2019.
  6. Smith SE. He needed a gender-affirming procedure. The hospital said no. Vox. November 1, 2019.
  7. Myer H. California AG rejects Adventist-St. Joseph merger. Modern Healthcare. October 31, 2019.
  8. Littlefield A. Faith-Based Hospitals are not Adequately Training Residents in Abortion ProceduresRewire News. September 19, 2019.
  9. Littlefield A. Even Patients Who Know Their Hospitals are Catholic May Not Realize Their Care is RestrictedRewire News. September 5, 2019.
  10. Myer H. New Catholic directives could complicate mergers and partnerships. Modern Healthcare. July 19, 2019.​
  11. Golderg S. Why Illinois’ newly recognized ‘fundamental right’ is getting harder to exercise. Chicago Business. July 12, 2019.
  12. Miltner O. Medical Residents Struggle to Find Abortion Training as Statewide Restrictions TightenRewire News. July 5, 2019.
  13. Russell-Kraft S. Crisis pregnancy centers aren’t the only ones putting limitations on women’s reproductive careThe Lily. June 26, 2019.
  14. Littlefield A. For Women of Color on Medicaid, Health-Care Options More Likely to Include Catholic Hospitals. Rewire News. June 21, 2019.
  15. Hiltzik M. UC’s deal with Catholic hospitals threatens the health of women and LGBTQ patients. Los Angeles Times. April 12, 2019.
  16. Asimov N. Doctors demand UCSF break ties with Catholic hospitals over abortion, trans care. San Francisco Chronicle. April 6, 2019.
  17. Allday E. Transgender man sues over Eureka hospital’s refusal to perform hysterectomy. San Francisco Chronicle. March 25, 2019.
  18. Gilmour J. California hospital canceled transgender man’s hysterectomy minutes before operation, lawsuit says. Sacramento Bee. March 21, 2019.
  19. Crist C. Many Catholic hospitals fail to disclose religious affiliation, restrictions onlineReuters. March 21, 2019.
  20. Meyer H. Most Catholic hospitals don’t disclose religious are restrictionsModern Healthcare. March 15, 2019.
  21. Littlefield A. Less than a third of Catholic hospital websites note religion’s impact on reproductive careRewire News. March 15, 2019.
  22. Littlefield A. There’s Almost No Data About What Happens When Catholic Hospitals Deny Reproductive CareRewire News. December 6, 2018.
  23. Gordan A. For Doctors Who Want to Provide Abortions, Employment Contracts Often Tie Their HandsNPR. November 26, 2018.
  24. Hafner K. As Catholic Hospitals Expand, So Do Limits on Some ProceduresThe New York Times. August 10, 2018.
  25. Barry-Jester AM, Thomson-DeVeaux A. Why Religious Health Care Restrictions Often Take Patients By SurpriseFiveThirtyEight. August 2, 2018.
  26. Thomson-DeVeaux, Barry-Jester AM. Insurers Can Send Patients to Religious Hospitals the Restrict Reproductive CareFiveThirtyEight August 1, 2018.
  27. Barry-Jester AM, Thomson-DeVeaux A. How Catholic Bishops are Shaping Health Care in Rural AmericaFiveThirtyEight. July 25, 2018.
  28. Littlefield, A. New York Times Omitted Key Fact About Rural Hospital: Its Catholic Rules Could Endanger WomenRewire News, July 20, 2018.
  29. Steinauer J, Freedman L. Opinion: How Trump’s Decision Puts Women’s Health at RiskThe Mercury News, February 10, 2018.
  30. Khazan O. When the Religious Doctor Refuses to Treat YouThe Atlantic. January 23, 2018.
  31. Russell-Kraft S. How Religious Health Care Hurts Women of ColorThe New Republic. January 19, 2018.
  32. Marcotte A. GOP Snowflakes: Trump administration wants to let doctors, nurses discriminateSalon. January 18, 2018.
  33. Littlefield A. Catholic rules force this doctor to watch her patient sicken—Now, she’s speaking outRewire News. September 7, 2017.
  34. Buck, C, Caiola, S. Transgender Patient Sues Dignity Health for Discrimination Over Hysterectomy DenialThe Sacramento Bee. April 20, 2017.
  35. Lachman S. Lawsuits Target Catholic Hospitals For Refusing To Provide Emergency Miscarriage ManagementHuffington Post. June 10, 2016.
  36. Stone J. Healthcare Denied At 550 Hospitals Because Of Catholic DoctrineForbes. May 7, 2016.
  37. Redden M. Abortion ban linked to dangerous miscarriages at Catholic hospital, report claimsThe Guardian. February 18, 2016.
  38. Judge Rules Catholic Hospital Can Deny Tubal Ligation to Redding WomanState of Health, KQED. January 14, 2016.
  39. Freedman L. Washington State Case Study: A Difficult Miscarriage Made Worse by Hospital’s Religious Restrictions on CareHuffPost. March 28, 2014.
  40. Waterfield B. Irish abortion law key factor in death of Savita Halappanavar, official report findsThe Telegraph. June 13, 2013.
  41. Harris D. Bishop strips hospital of catholic status after abortionABC News. December 22, 2010.