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Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS)

The Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) is a measure of sexual assertiveness in women that consists of factors measuring initiation, refusal, and pregnancy-sexually transmitted infection prevention and assertiveness.

Developed by:

Patricia J. Morokoff, Kathryn Quina, Lisa L. Harlow, Laura Whitmire, Diane M. Grimley, Pamela R. Gibson, Gary J. Burkholder (University of Rhode Island)

Measure domains:



Pregnancy-STD Prevention

Items and subscales:

18 items

3 subscales

Outcomes predicted:

Sexual experience

Anticipated negative partner response

Self-efficacy for HIV prevention behaviors

Cronbach's alpha:

Full Scale = 0.82

Initiation = 0.77
Refusal = 0.74
Pregnancy-STD prevention = 0.82

Study population(s):

U.S. undergraduate women at least 18 years of age attending a northeastern state university and a community sample of heterosexual women at-risk for HIV and not currently trying to conceive.

Measure validated?:


Link(s) to Validation Study and/or Measure:

Citation of original article

Get citation
Morokoff et al (1997). Sexual Assertiveness Scale (SAS) for women: development and validation, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(4),790-804. American Psychological Associaiton.